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Shab E Barat 2022 An Ultimate Chance of Getting Rid of Your Sins

What is Shab e Barat?

“Shab” means night, it’s a Persian word, and “Barat” means salvation, it’s an Arabic-Persian word. So this night can be a great chance of getting rid of previous sins and start anew. It also means the night of fortune and forgiveness.

Other Names of Shab e Barat

Shab e Barat night has some other names. Those are

  1. Night of Salvation or Forgiveness ليلة البراءة
  2. Night of Prayer ليلة الدعاء
  3. Night of Division, Fate and Fortune  ليلة القِسمة
  4. Night of Granting Prayer ليلة الإجابة
  5. Blessed Night الليلة المباركة
  6. Night of Intercession ليلة الشفاعة
  7. The Night of Forgiveness and Release

 Virtue and Significance of Lailatul Barat

It is considered that Lailatul Barat is one of the three most sacred night in Islam. It is the night of salvation. On this night, Allah forgives previous sins and decides the fate of all human beings for the next year.

The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said:

When it is the night of the middle of Sha’ban, spend its night in prayer and observe a fast on that day. For Allah descends at sunset on that night to the lowest heaven and says: ‘Is there no one who will ask Me for forgiveness, that I may forgive him? Is there no one who will ask Me for provision, that I may provide for him? Is there no one who is afflicted by trouble, that I may relieve him?’ And so on, until dawn comes.-Reference: Sunan Ibn Majah, Vol. 1, Book 5, Hadith 1388.

Now we are going to discuss Shab e Barat according to Quran and Sunnah.

What Does Quran Say about Shab e Barat?

Well, Shab e Barat is not mentioned in Quran. Some people think the 3rd and 4th ayah or verses of Surah Ad-Dukhan is about Shab e Barat. In these two ayah Allah says, “Indeed, We sent it down during a blessed night. Indeed, We were to warn [mankind]. On that night is made distinct every precise matter.”

But they are completely wrong and not aware of Sahih Tafseer of Holy Quran. Ibn Kathir Rahimahullah (ابن كثير) said in this famous Tafseer book Tafseerul Quranil Kareem ( تفسير القرآن الكريم):

قال ابن كثير: يقول تعالى مخبراً عن القرآن العظيم أنه أنزله في ليلة مباركة، وهي ليلة القدر كما قال عز وجل: {إِنَّا أَنزَلْنَـٰهُ فِى لَيْلَةِ ٱلْقَدْرِ } [القدر:1] وكان ذلك في شهر رمضان كما قال تبارك وتعالى: {شَهْرُ رَمَضَانَ ٱلَّذِى أُنزِلَ فِيهِ ٱلْقُرْآنُ } البقرة: 185

[Translation] Ibn Kathir said: The Almighty says about the great Quran that he revealed it on a blessed night, which is Laylat al-Qadr or the Night of Power, as the Almighty said: “Indeed, We sent the Qur’an down during the Night of Decree.” [Al-Qadr: 1] And that is the month of Ramadan as the Almighty said: “The month of Ramadhan [is that] in which was revealed the Qur’an.” (Al-Baqarah: 185)

Is celebrating Shab e Barat Dida or innovation in the Deen and all the Hadiths about it Mawdu? Well, this question has been raised by renowned Islamic scholar Muhammad Nasiruddin al-Albani Rahimahullah.

He said the Hadith narrated by ‘Ali bin Abu Talib:“The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said: ‘When it is the night of the middle of Sha’ban, spend its night in prayer and observe a fast on that day. For Allah descends at sunset on that night to the lowest heaven and says: ‘Is there no one who will ask Me for forgiveness, that I may forgive him? Is there no one who will ask Me for provision, that I may provide for him? Is there no one who is afflicted by trouble, that I may relieve him?’ And so on, until dawn comes.”  is Mawdu of Sanad (موضوع السند) in his book Silsalat al-Hadith ad-Da’ifa (سلسلة الأحاديث الضعيفة) Vol. 5, Page 154.

Most people got it wrong! He said the Sanad is Mawdu, he never said the Hadith is Mawdu. There is huge difference between these two terms. Any student of Hadith knows that.

But Ibn Majah wrote another Hadith on Lailatul Barat. Narrated from Abu Musa Al-Ash’ari that the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said: “Allah looks down on the night of the middle of Sha’ban and forgives all His creation, apart from the idolater and the Mushahin.” Another chain from Abu Musa, from the Prophet (ﷺ) with similar wording.” Muhammad Nasiruddin al-Albani commented about this Hadith that it is a Sahih Hadith in his book Silsalat al-Hadith as-Sahiha (سلسلة الأحاديث الصحيحة)
Isn’t a single Sahih Hadith enough for Nafl or voluntary act of worships? I bet no one will disagree with it.
                             

Can Weak Ahadith be Used as Proof? What is Scholars’ Opinion on Daeef Hadith?

Scholars declare even a Daeef Hadith to be acceptable to Nafl or voluntary act of worships. Imam Nawawi Rahimahullah (أبو زكريا يحيى بن شرف النووي) said in his book al-Majmu Sharh al-Muhadhdhab (المجموع شرح المهذب):

“يقول الإمام النووي في المجموع: قدمنا اتفاق العلماء على العمل بالحديث الضعيف في فضائل الأعمال دون الحلال والحرام.ـ”

We have presented (in the book) the scholars’ agreement to work with weak Hadith in the virtues of deeds without Halal and Haram.

There are three conditions to accept a Daeef Hadith for Nafl or voluntary act of worship. Al-Khatib al-Sherbini Rahimahullah (الخطيب الشربيني) said in his book Mughni al-Muhtaj (مغني المحتاج):

“وقال الخطيب الشربيني في مغني المحتاج: فائدة: شرط العمل بالحديث الضعيف في فضائل الأعمال أن لا يكون شديد الضعف، وأن يدخل تحت أصل عام، وأن لا يعتقد سنيته بذلك الحديث.ـ”

The condition of accepting a Daeef Hadith and working according to that is (1) The hadeeth in the virtues of deeds should not be too weak, (2) To enter under a general origin, and (3) The act is not considered as a Sunnah.

How to Celebrate Shab e Barat according to Quran and Sunnah?

You should remember there is no specific form of Ibadah or act of worship prescribed for this night. How Shab e Barat in Pakistan India, Bangladesh and Iran is been celebrated is not proved by Hadith and Sunnah. Let’s see what Hadiths say.

It was narrated that Ali bin Abu Talib radiallahu anhu said:

‏”عَنْ عَلِيِّ بْنِ أَبِي طَالِبٍ، قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ـ صلى الله عليه وسلم ـ ‏ “‏ إِذَا كَانَتْ لَيْلَةُ النِّصْفِ مِنْ شَعْبَانَ فَقُومُوا لَيْلَهَا وَصُومُوا يَوْمَهَا ‏.‏ فَإِنَّ اللَّهَ يَنْزِلُ فِيهَا لِغُرُوبِ الشَّمْسِ إِلَى سَمَاءِ الدُّنْيَا فَيَقُولُ أَلاَ مِنْ مُسْتَغْفِرٍ فَأَغْفِرَ لَهُ أَلاَ مُسْتَرْزِقٌ فَأَرْزُقَهُ أَلاَ مُبْتَلًى فَأُعَافِيَهُ أَلاَ كَذَا أَلاَ كَذَا حَتَّى يَطْلُعَ الْفَجْرُ ‏”‏

The Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said: ‘When it is the night of the middle of Sha’ban, spend its night in prayer and observe a fast on that day. For Allah descends at sunset on that night to the lowest heaven and says: ‘Is there no one who will ask Me for forgiveness, that I may forgive him? Is there no one who will ask Me for provision, that I may provide for him? Is there no one who is afflicted by trouble, that I may relieve him?’ And so on, until dawn comes.-Sunan Ibn Majah: Book 5, Hadith 1451

Mother of the Believers Aishah radiallahu anha narrated:

“عَنْ عَائِشَةَ، قَالَتْ فَقَدْتُ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم لَيْلَةً فَخَرَجْتُ فَإِذَا هُوَ بِالْبَقِيعِ فَقَالَ ‏”‏ أَكُنْتِ تَخَافِينَ أَنْ يَحِيفَ اللَّهُ عَلَيْكِ وَرَسُولُهُ ‏”‏ ‏.‏ قُلْتُ يَا رَسُولَ اللَّهِ إِنِّي ظَنَنْتُ أَنَّكَ أَتَيْتَ بَعْضَ نِسَائِكَ ‏.‏ فَقَالَ ‏”‏ إِنَّ اللَّهَ عَزَّ وَجَلَّ يَنْزِلُ لَيْلَةَ النِّصْفِ مِنْ شَعْبَانَ إِلَى السَّمَاءِ الدُّنْيَا فَيَغْفِرُ لأَكْثَرَ مِنْ عَدَدِ شَعْرِ غَنَمِ كَلْبٍ ‏”‏ ‏.‏ وَفِي الْبَابِ عَنْ أَبِي بَكْرٍ الصِّدِّيقِ ‏.‏ قَالَ أَبُو عِيسَى حَدِيثُ عَائِشَةَ لاَ نَعْرِفُهُ إِلاَّ مِنْ هَذَا الْوَجْهِ مِنْ حَدِيثِ الْحَجَّاجِ ‏.‏ وَسَمِعْتُ مُحَمَّدًا يُضَعِّفُ هَذَا الْحَدِيثَ وَقَالَ يَحْيَى بْنُ أَبِي كَثِيرٍ لَمْ يَسْمَعْ مِنْ عُرْوَةَ وَالْحَجَّاجُ بْنُ أَرْطَاةَ لَمْ يَسْمَعْ مِنْ يَحْيَى بْنِ أَبِي كَثِيرٍ ‏.‏”

“I could not find the Messenger of Allah one night. So I left and found him at Al-Baqi. He said: ‘Did you fear that you had been wronged by Allah and His Messenger?’ I said: ‘O Messenger of Allah! I thought that you had gone to one of your wives.’ So he said: ‘Indeed Allah, Mighty and Sublime is He, descends to the lowest Heavens during the night of the middle of Sha’ban, to grant forgiveness to more than the number of hairs on the sheep of (Banu) Kalb.”-Jami at-Tirmidhi: Vol. 2, Book 3, Hadith 739

I am not going to mention so many Hadiths to tell you what you should do and what you should do on this night as I think these two Hadiths are self-explanatory. Let’s make things a little bit clear and make a list of “Shab e Barat ki Ibadat & Amal”.

 How to Spend Shab e Barat?

  • Perform Nafl or voluntary act of worship as much as possible.
  • Perform Nafl or voluntary Salah with longer Qiyam and Sujud.
  • Seek forgiveness from Almighty Allah.
  • Recite the Holy Quran.
  • Read Dhikr (remembering Allah).
  • Read Durood (send blessings upon the Prophet SWS).
  • You can fast the next day. But remember it’s not proved by Sahih Hadith.

What Shouldn’t Do on Shab e Barat?

  • Don’t engage in any form of Bidah.
  • Don’t decorate houses and streets with lights and flower.
  • Don’t cook sweets, halwa, biryani etc.
  • Don’t make the gathering of friends and family members.
  • Don’t spend hours gossiping and visiting your neighbors.
  • Don’t make gathering at the mosque. Rather worship at home.
  • Don’t fast the next day considering it Sunnah. It’ll be just a Nafl fasting.

Shab e Barat 2022 Celebration Date

When is Shab e Barat 2022? Mid-Sha’ban or Shab e Barat 2022 in USA, UK, Saudi Arabia, Egypt and in other middle east countries will begin on the evening of Friday, March 18 and end on the evening of Saturday, March 19.

But Shab e Barat 2022 in India, Pakistan and Bangladesh will be observed Friday, March 18 night as Islamic calendar based on lunar cycles and moon rises in these regions after one day. That’s the reason why all the Islamic events and festivals have been observed and celebrated one day later in these countries.

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