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اقرأ باسم ربك الذي خلقخلق الإنسان من علق
اپنے رب کے نام سے پڑھوجس نے پیدا کیا۔انسان کو خون کے لوتھڑے سے بنایا۔
Recite in the name of your Lord who created -
Iqra biismi rabbika allathee khalaqa
Qts Tutor
اقرأ باسم ربك الذي خلقخلق الإنسان من علق
اپنے رب کے نام سے پڑھوجس نے پیدا کیا۔انسان کو خون کے لوتھڑے سے بنایا۔
Recite in the name of your Lord who created -
Iqra biismi rabbika allathee khalaqa
محرم ١٩ ١٤٤٦

How Many Makhraj Are There in Tajweed?

How Many Makhraj Are There in Tajweed?


How Many Makhraj Are There in Tajweed? Understanding the art of Tajweed is essential for anyone who aims to recite the Quran correctly. Tajweed refers to the set of rules governing the way in which the words of the Quran should be pronounced during recitation. Its purpose is to make the recitation of the Quran beautiful and to ensure that its pronunciation remains true to the original revelation.

Understanding Makhraj

Definition of Makhraj

Makhraj, in the context of Tajweed, refers to the specific points of articulation in the mouth and throat from which the sounds of the Arabic letters originate. The term “Makhraj” is derived from the Arabic word “خرج” which means to exit or come out. In simpler terms, Makhraj is the place where the sound of a letter is produced.

Significance of Makhraj in Tajweed

The significance of Makhraj in Tajweed cannot be overstated. Proper knowledge and application of Makhraj are crucial for the accurate pronunciation of Arabic letters. Mispronunciation can change the meaning of words, which is particularly problematic when reciting the Quran, where precise pronunciation is essential.

How Many Makhraj Are There in Tajweed

How Many Makhraj Are There in Tajweed

Categories of Makhraj

Main Categories of Makhraj

Makhraj is broadly categorized into five main areas within the vocal apparatus:

  1. Al-Jawf (Oral Cavity)
  2. Al-Halq (Throat)
  3. Al-Lisan (Tongue)
  4. Ash-Shafatayn (Lips)
  5. Al-Khayshum (Nasal Cavity)

Each of these areas is further divided into specific points of articulation, making a total of 17 Makhraj points that cover the 28 letters of the Arabic alphabet.

Sub-categories and their relevance

Each main category is divided into sub-categories that provide more specific articulation points for different letters. Understanding these subdivisions helps in mastering the nuances of Quranic recitation.

Detailed Breakdown of Makhraj

Al-Jawf (Oral Cavity)

Al-Jawf refers to the empty space in the mouth and throat.

Letters Produced:
The letters produced from Al-Jawf are the long vowel sounds:

  • Alif (ا) when it is madd (long vowel)
  • Waw (و) when it is madd
  • Ya (ي) when it is madd

Al-Halq (Throat)

Al-Halq is the throat, and it is divided into three parts:

  1. Adna Al-Halq (Upper Throat)
  2. Wasat Al-Halq (Middle Throat)
  3. Aqsa Al-Halq (Lower Throat)

Divisions within Al-Halq:

  1. Adna Al-Halq (Upper Throat):
    • Hamza (ء)
    • Ha (ه)
  2. Wasat Al-Halq (Middle Throat):
    • Ain (ع)
    • Ha (ح)
  3. Aqsa Al-Halq (Lower Throat):
    • Ghain (غ)
    • Kha (خ)

Letters Produced:
The letters produced in the throat include Hamza, Ha, Ain, Ha, Ghain, and Kha.

Al-Lisan (Tongue)

Al-Lisan refers to the tongue, which is the most active articulator in the production of Arabic sounds. It has several articulation points.

Divisions within Al-Lisan:

  1. The Back of the Tongue:
    • Qaaf (ق)
    • Kaaf (ك)
  2. The Middle of the Tongue:
    • Jeem (ج)
    • Sheen (ش)
    • Yaa (ي)
  3. The Sides of the Tongue:
    • Dhaad (ض)
  4. The Tip of the Tongue:
    • Ta (ت)
    • Da (د)
    • Taa (ط)
    • Zaa (ز)
    • Seen (س)
    • Saad (ص)
    • Dhal (ذ)
    • Thal (ث)
    • Noon (ن)
    • Laam (ل)
    • Raa (ر)

Letters Produced:
The letters produced by the tongue include Qaaf, Kaaf, Jeem, Sheen, Yaa, Dhaad, Ta, Da, Taa, Zaa, Seen, Saad, Dhal, Thal, Noon, Laam, and Raa.

Ash-Shafatayn (Lips)

Ash-Shafatayn refers to the lips, which are used to produce certain sounds by bringing them together or closing them.

Letters Produced:
The letters produced from the lips are:

  • Fa (ف)
  • Baa (ب)
  • Meem (م)
  • Waw (و) when it is not a madd letter

Al-Khayshum (Nasal Cavity)

Al-Khayshum is the nasal passage.

Letters Produced:
The nasal sound (ghunnah) is produced here, which accompanies the letters Noon (ن) and Meem (م) when they are pronounced with a nasal sound.

Examples and Practice

Common Errors in Pronunciation

Many learners struggle with the correct articulation of certain letters. For example, mixing up the sounds of letters that are articulated from similar areas, such as the throat letters, is common.

Tips for Correct Pronunciation

  • Practice Regularly: Consistent practice helps in mastering Makhraj.
  • Listen to Recitations: Listening to proficient reciters can help in understanding the correct pronunciation.
  • Seek Feedback: Having a knowledgeable person listen to your recitation and provide feedback is invaluable.

Importance of Learning Makhraj

Enhancing Quranic Recitation

Proper knowledge of Makhraj enhances the beauty and accuracy of Quranic recitation, ensuring that the recitation is as close as possible to how it was revealed.

Preserving the Original Pronunciation of the Quran

Learning and applying Makhraj helps in preserving the original pronunciation of the Quran, which is crucial for maintaining its meaning and authenticity.


Mastering Makhraj is a fundamental aspect of Tajweed that ensures the accurate and beautiful recitation of the Quran. By understanding and practicing the different articulation points, one can significantly improve their Quranic recitation.


What is the easiest way to learn Makhraj?

The easiest way to learn Makhraj is by listening to expert reciters and practicing regularly under the guidance of a knowledgeable teacher.

Can Makhraj be self-taught?

While it is possible to learn the basics of Makhraj on your own, having a teacher to provide feedback is highly recommended for mastering it.

How long does it take to master Makhraj?

The time it takes to master Makhraj varies from person to person, depending on their dedication and the time they devote to practice.

Why is proper Makhraj crucial in Tajweed?

Proper Makhraj is crucial in Tajweed because incorrect pronunciation can alter the meaning of the words in the Quran, affecting the recitation’s accuracy.

Are there tools or apps to help with learning Makhraj?

Yes, there are several tools and apps designed to help learners with Makhraj, providing audio examples and interactive practice exercises.

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